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Rogers is a comprehensive psychiatric hospital, nationally recognized for specialty residential treatment programs for eating disorders, addiction, obsessive-compulsive disorder and anxiety disorders for children, teens and adults.

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April 4, 2014 - 9:24am

DSM-5One of the primary changes in DSM-5 is that it now recognizes age-related aspects in each disorder and chronologically lists diagnoses that are most applicable to infancy and childhood first, followed by diagnoses that are more common to adolescence and early adulthood, and ending with those that are often diagnosed later in life. Within each disorder category, there are also modifications intended to help clinicians provide more accurate diagnoses that will lead to better treatment.

New Disorders

The fifth edition includes several new depressive disorders, including disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).

The American Psychiatric Association, which publishes the guidebook, indicates DMDD has been included to address concerns about potential overdiagnosis and overtreatment of bipolar disorder in children. DMDD provides a diagnosis for children up to age 18 years who exhibit persistent irritability and frequent uncontrollable behavior that may even be violent.

In addition, PMDD is now an official diagnosis that recognizes an extreme form of premenstrual syndrome characterized by strong emotional symptoms such as depression, anxiety, moodiness and irritability.

New Specifiers

While none of the core criteria for the symptoms of major depression have changed, the DSM-5 includes two new specifiers for depression. Now, the specifier “with mixed symptoms” allows for the presence of manic symptoms as part of the depression diagnosis in patients who do not meet the criteria for a manic episode. “With anxious distress” has also been added as a specifier because the presence of anxiety may impact treatment choices and the patient’s response.

Dr. Jerry Halverson, Rogers’ medical director of FOCUS and adult services, indicates the “with anxious distress” specifier may only be used with patients who exhibit at least two of the following symptoms during most of an episode:

  1. Feeling keyed up or tense
  2. Feeling unusually restless
  3. Difficulty concentrating due to worry
  4. Fear that something awful may happen
  5. Feeling loss of control of himself or herself

“The rationale for this is that the co-occurrence of anxiety with depression is one of the most commonly seen comorbidities in patients,” Dr. Halverson explained. “The addition of this specifier allows clinicians to indicate the presence of anxiety symptoms that are not reflected in the core criteria for depression or mania, but may be helpful when creating a treatment plan.”

He added that the specifier change from “post-partum” to “peri-partum” is also important. “This change in specifiers recognizes what clinicians and patients have known for a long time. Women can suffer from a major depressive order either before or after birth. Now, women who struggle with depression while pregnant can access the treatment they need.”

DSM-5 also includes guidance for the assessment of suicidal thinking, plans and risk factors, so that clinicians can address the prominent role of suicide prevention as part of a patient’s treatment.

Bereavement Exclusion Removed

In the past, any bereavement following the death of a loved one that lasted less than two months was not classified as a major depressive episode (MDE). The new edition, however, acknowledges that the grieving process may include an MDE that requires treatment just as with any other stressor. DSM-5 also removes the implication that grieving the death of a loved one may only last two months, which is important because most clinicians recognize that this grief usually lasts one to two years, and it offers guidelines to help clinicians distinguish between normal grief and an MDE.

“DSM-5 recommends that, even if it seems that depressive symptoms are an understandable reaction to a significant stressor such as the death of a loved one, the clinician should carefully consider the possibility of an MDE,” Dr. Halverson said. “DSM-5 also recognizes that the depressive symptoms related to bereavement-related depression respond to the same psychosocial and medication treatments as any other MDE. In fact, sometimes bereavement can precipitate an MDE and should be treated as promptly as possible. This exclusion enables clinicians to make a diagnosis of depression even during bereavement, with the hope that earlier treatment can be provided as needed.”

March 12, 2014 - 12:58pm

ADSM-5 OCD, PTSD, Anxiety few of the primary changes in DSM-5 include the reorganization of chapters for better groupings of disorders – including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) – and the framework within those chapters that recognizes age-related aspects. This is important because it reflects the nature of some disorders within a patient’s lifespan. DSM-5 lists diagnoses that are most applicable to infancy and childhood first, followed by those that are more common to adolescence and early adulthood, ending with those that are often diagnosed later in life.

New Chapters for OCD and PTSD

“One of the most important changes regarding OCD and PTSD is that these two disorders have been removed from the anxiety disorder chapter where they were in the previous edition,” Bradley C. Riemann, PhD, clinical director of Rogers’ OCD Center and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Services, said. “Now, two new chapters surrounding OCD and PTSD (“Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders” and “Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders”) have been created.” He says these changes were due to increased research and evidence demonstrating common threads running through a number of OCD-related disorders; for example, obsessive thoughts and/or repetitive behaviors.

Although Dr. Riemann says the change won’t really impact patients, the differences seem to reflect what clinicians have been seeing in their practices for quite some time. “These disorders can be related. That’s why DSM-5 places them sequentially in the guidebook to reflect their close relationship.” He added that what’s really important is that the DSM keeps evolving and getting more specific with each revision.

Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders

Disorders in this chapter have features in common such as an obsessive preoccupation and repetitive behaviors. In addition, they reflect a relationship to one another in terms of overlapping symptoms and response to treatment. Hoarding and skin picking (newly recognized in DSM-5) fall within this category, along with hair pulling and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), which is manifested by a negative preoccupation with body image that is focused on a minor or perceived flaw.

“This chapter provides more consistency among diagnoses, with fear, anxiety and avoidance being key,” Dr. Riemann said. “Now, the definition of obsession has also changed, with ‘urge’ replacing ‘impulse.’ Plus, new specifiers for tics and insight have been included. Patients no longer need to recognize that their obsessions or compulsions are excessive or unreasonable.”

Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders

PTSD is included in this new chapter, with criteria that differs significantly from those in the previous DSM. Now more explicit in regard to how an individual has experienced “traumatic” events, PTSD also includes a subtype for preschool children and four symptom clusters (re-experiencing the event, heightened arousal, avoidance, as well as negative thoughts and mood or feelings).

Anxiety Disorders

In addition to removing OCD and PTSD, DSM-5 now adds separation anxiety disorders and selective mutism to the chapter on anxiety disorders. (Selective mutism is a disorder in which a person normally capable of speech does not speak in specific situations or to certain people.) Previously, these diagnoses were provided primarily to infants, children and adolescents, but the fifth edition now recognizes their role even in adulthood. For example, children of adults with separation anxiety disorder and those with avoidance behaviors that occur in the workplace as well as at school are included in this chapter.

If you or someone you know is living with any of these disorders, call Rogers at 800-767-4411 for a free screening or request one online.

February 24, 2014 - 11:45am

DSM-5Commonly referred to as DSM-5 or “psychiatry’s bible,” the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) provides revised criteria to be used by clinicians as they evaluate and diagnose different mental health conditions. Included in DSM-5 is a new chapter on “Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders.”

DSM-5 categorizes a variety of substance use disorders (SUDs) separately with criteria that provide a gradation of severity within each diagnostic category. Previous editions of the DSM identified two separate categories of substance use disorder, “substance abuse” and “substance dependence,” but the new diagnostic manual combines these disorders into one. The DSM-5 also makes a couple of changes to the diagnostic criteria for SUDs and adds a disorder not involving substance use to the chapter, Gambling Disorder. In so doing, the new edition has removed the terms “abuse” and “dependence” and has included the term “addiction” for the first time.

Why This Matters

The combination of the terms is important because “dependence” could be confusing to some clinicians and patients since the term is used medically to describe the body’s adaptation to a consumed substance. Thus, “physical dependence” and the DSM’s term “substance dependence” were often applied inappropriately. Also, many persons consider the term “abuse” to be stigmatizing and not appropriate to use in the description of a significant health problem.  While the term “substance abuse” still enjoys wide usage, it no longer is used to describe a specific condition within the DSM.

Dr. Michael Miller, medical director of Rogers’ Herrington Recovery Center, says these revisions are some of the most important changes to the guidebook. “This edition of the DSM moves away from a longstanding distinction between substance dependence and substance abuse, one considered a more severe condition and one a less severe one, with the two being rather mutually exclusive. SUDs are now referred to along a single continuum, and they are designated in the DSM-5 as mild, moderate or severe. Diagnostic criteria for former dependence and abuse have basically been combined. Now, two or more of 11 criteria need to be present for a diagnosis of SUD-Mild. For SUD-Moderate, it’s four or more, and for SUD-Severe, it’s six or more. In addition, the criterion of legal problems no longer appears and a new criterion in the diagnosis of SUD has been added to the DSM-5: craving.”

Some key criteria of SUD in the DSM-5 include:

  • Missing school, work or other responsibilities due to substance use
  • Building up a physiological tolerance to the effects of a substance
  • Craving the substance 
  • Failing to quit using despite multiple times of trying to do so

Dr. Miller explains that addiction is further defined by the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM), and that ASAM published a major revision (also in 2013) to an important guidebook used by addiction clinicians. The ASAM Criteria is a revision of the utilization management and treatment planning guide first published by ASAM in 1991 as the Patient Placement Criteria for the Treatment of Psychoactive Substance Use Disorders. 

“The new ASAM criteria really focus on the treatment aspect of addiction, rather than making a diagnosis and  trying to segment a diagnosis into a level of care. This newest ASAM Criteria includes updated criteria for ‘detoxification’ services, changing the title of those sections to ‘withdrawal management.” says Dr. Miller. The ASAM Criteria also includes chapters on the treatment of Gambling Disorder and Tobacco Use Disorder and sections on the treatment of special populations of patients, including pregnant women and persons in safety-sensitive occupations such as licensed health professionals. 

What is Addiction?

According to the ASAM, “Addiction is characterized by inability to consistently abstain, impairment in behavioral control, craving, diminished recognition of significant problems with one’s behaviors and interpersonal relationships, and a dysfunctional emotional response. Like other chronic diseases, addiction often involves cycles of relapse and remission. Without treatment or engagement in recovery activities, addiction is progressive and can result in disability or premature death.”

Furthermore, an addiction is defined as a “primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors.”

Other Key Changes

DSM-5 also includes the addition of diagnostic criteria for conditions not previously included in the DSM, such as cannabis withdrawal and caffeine withdrawal. In addition, it removes the concept of “polysubstance dependence” as a separate disorder.  Including Gambling Disorder in the chapter on “Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders” is also a major change, in categorization of conditions and in the thinking about addiction. To this extent, the DSM and the new ASAM definition are aligned in viewing that addiction involving gambling is best understood not as an “impulse control” problem as the DSM had previously viewed it, but truly as a part of the spectrum of addictive disorders. This change within the DSM reflects increasing evidence that some behaviors – like gambling – can activate the brain reward system with effects that are similar to those of drug use. Other substances included in DSM-5 are alcohol, hallucinogens, opioids, sedatives/analgesics, stimulants and inhalants. Nicotine as a substance to which one can develop addiction is featured in the DSM-5, but the disorder associated with this drug has been renamed as Tobacco Use Disorder.  But, other than adding the new criterion of craving and removing the criterion of legal problems related to substance use, the wording for the other 10 diagnostic criteria for SUDs has not been revised from the previous edition of the DSM.

How to Get Help from Rogers 

If you or someone you love is struggling with addiction or any mental health condition, you can call Rogers Memorial Hospital at 800-767-4411 for a free screening, or you can request one online.

 

January 29, 2014 - 10:37am

Teen SuicideTeenagers are inundated with expectations in their homes, schools and social lives leading to an estimated half a million attempting suicide each year. It is not uncommon for teens to experience varying degrees of stress, self-doubt, pressure to succeed and worry about their future. Unlike adults, teens struggle with the ability to look at life’s stressful events as temporary. For some, a series of stressful events may lead to a belief that the unhappiness is an overwhelming burden that will go on for the rest of their life. As time goes on they may begin to feel depressed and anxious. At moments, suicide may feel as if it is the only viable solution to their problems and stress.

Common stressors teens experience can include: increasing demands at school, bullying by peers, managing romantic relationships, facing peer pressure to use drugs or alcohol, becoming increasingly independent from their parents and the pressures of finding a job or preparing for college.

Parents should be aware of some of the following signs of teen depression:

  • Significant changes in eating and/or sleeping habits
  • Withdrawal from friends, family and regular activities
  • Feelings of worthlessness, sadness or low self-esteem
  • Neglect of personal appearance or complaints about physical illness (headache, stomachache, etc.)
  • Persistent boredom, significant difficulty concentrating or a decline in the quality of school work
  • Loss of interest in pleasurable activities
  • Thoughts of death
  • Intentional self-harm

Signs you may see from a teenager who is planning to commit suicide (may include, though not limited to):

  • Talking about being a bad person or feeling empty inside
  • Giving verbal hints with statements such as: “Nothing ever works out for me. Everyone would be better off without me. I can’t take it anymore.”
  • Giving away possessions, cleaning his or her room, writing goodbye letters or posting farewells on social media
  • Becoming suddenly cheerful after a period of depression

In general, what should you do if you think that a teen close to you feels suicidal?

Ask them directly whether or not they have been thinking of killing themselves. People often feel uncomfortable talking about suicide, but doing so may save your loved one’s life. It is a myth that talking about suicide “puts the idea” into someone’s head. People who feel suicidal want to know that someone cares and will listen to their pain. Always take statements of wanting to die seriously. Do not leave your child alone.

Seek help immediately. If your teen states that they want to die or if they have thoughts about suicide, seek help from a qualified mental health therapist who can help identify and problem-solve your child’s needs.

With support from family and appropriate treatment, children and teenagers who are suicidal can go forward to feel hopeful and live productive and happy lives. If you feel a teenager you know is exhibiting some of these signs, Rogers Memorial Hospital can help. Our inpatient and day treatment programs provide a safe environment where teens can work on stabilizing their symptoms and identifying ways to manage their emotions when feelings of hopelessness arise.

To schedule a free screening call 800-767-4411 or request one online at rogershospital.org.

The following resources also provide information on teen depression and suicide:

January 16, 2014 - 12:14pm

Bradley C. RiemannBrad Riemann, PhD and clinical director of Rogers OCD Center and CBT services spoke with WUWM in Milwaukee on severe obsessive compulsive disorder. The good news, he shares, is that OCD is treatable even at its most severe level.

Last month Rogers opened an expanded our adult residential OCD Center which has the capacity to treat up to 16 percent more patients. The OCD Center is the anchor of Rogers full continuum of OCD services for children, adolescents and adults. In addition to residential OCD treatment, we offer partial hospitalization and intensive outpatient programs.

Hear Dr. Riemann’s full interview.

January 16, 2014 - 12:13pm

Jerry HalversonDepression and other mood disorders in young adults is the FOCUS of a new residential program at Rogers. With intensive psychiatric evaluations and medication management, the program builds on the strong foundation set by Rogers other residential treatment programs and strong evidence-based care.

Jerry Halverson, MD medical director of adult services at Rogers will lead the program.

Read what Dr. Halverson had to say to the Milwaukee Business Journal.

January 16, 2014 - 8:50am

FOCUS opens February 10

New residential program FOCUS builds on clinical expertise

Losing interest in activities, withdrawal from family and friends, and sadness can be part of the daily struggle when fighting severe depression or other mood disorders. Behavioral activation – a major component of treatment in a new residential program at Rogers -- addresses these struggles.

Building on Rogers’s foundation of evidence-based care through cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), on February 10, Rogers opens FOCUS, a residential program for young adults with depression and other mood disorders. For these patients experiencing a difficult transition to adulthood, behavioral activation is one key building block toward recovery.

But what exactly is behavioral activation?

As a treatment for depression and other mood disorders, behavioral activation is based on the theory that, as individuals become depressed, they tend to engage in increasing avoidance and isolation, which serves to maintain or worsen their symptoms. The goal of treatment, therefore, is to work with depressed individuals to gradually decrease their avoidance and isolation and increase their engagement in activities that have been shown to improve mood. Many times, this includes activities that they enjoyed before becoming depressed, activities related to their values or even everyday items that get pushed aside such as:

  • Exercising 
  • Going out to dinner 
  • Improving relationships with their family members 
  • Working toward specific work-related goals 
  • Learning new skills and activities 
  • Showering regularly 
  • Completing household chores

It is also important to examine sleep routines and eating habits and work toward normalizing these, as sleep and diet often change when individuals become depressed.

To assist with learning about how an individual’s activities affect his or her mood, with behavioral activation individuals are often asked to complete activity monitoring. This involves having the individual write down which activities he or she completes throughout the day (or week), with mood ratings for each activity. This allows the treatment provider to identify patterns in behavior, including avoidance, and to help increase engagement in behaviors that are related to improvements in mood. Often, additional strategies are needed to help individuals remember to complete assignments, gain the necessary skills to do various assignments and work toward their goals, while at the same time managing the uncomfortable emotions that may arise during different activities when one feels depressed.

Throughout treatment, increasingly challenging activities are assigned as the individual experiences improvements in mood and engagement in specific types of activities.

Watch for more information on the new FOCUS residential program. For a free screening for any of Rogers programs, call
1-800-767-4411.

January 2, 2014 - 12:54pm

Child and Adolescent PsychiatryThe fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, commonly referred to as DSM-5, helps clinicians diagnose mental disorders that aren’t as easily identified by symptoms like many other health conditions, e.g., a broken arm or case of pneumonia. Plus, the new manual offers greater insight into many of these disorders.

The DSM-5 revisions aim to capture children’s experiences and symptoms more precisely. Rather than isolating childhood conditions, the new manual underscores how they might manifest throughout a patient’s life span. Each disorder is now set within a framework that recognizes age-related aspects, chronologically listing diagnoses that are most applicable to infancy and childhood first, followed by diagnoses that are more common to adolescence and early adulthood, and ending with those that are often diagnosed later in life.

A New Diagnosis

Erik Ulland, M.D., the medical director of Rogers’ child and adolescent inpatient services, says the DSM-5 changes help clinicians look at what disorders may look like as children grow older, rather than just as the result of behavioral problems that may be occurring right now. He says many children and adolescents may be affected by a new diagnosis – disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) – that will in turn affect other diagnostic categories.

DMDD is described as intense outbursts and irritability beyond normal temper tantrums in young children. The new diagnosis is needed as more children under the age of 12 years old have been diagnosed with pediatric bipolar disorder over the past decade (since DSM-IV), which often led to prescriptions for antipsychotic medications at a very young age. In addition, hospital stays for this disorder rose significantly.

“Instead of having a separate chapter for childhood illness, each chapter of the DSM-5 is written more in the context of development, this is a big improvement” Dr. Ulland explains. “Illnesses that were often diagnosed earlier in life are reviewed first. DMDD is meant to describe children who were previously identified as bipolar, but did not show up as bipolar adults. That was puzzling for many clinicians. Many pediatric specialists believe the discrepancy is due to many of those kids being incorrectly identified as bipolar."

Why Diagnosis is Important

What is most critical about the DMDD diagnosis, Dr. Ulland says, is that it’s a step that suggests “umbrella” diagnoses are inadequate to describe children and adolescents. “Meds rarely ever fix developmental issues, which is the way many behavioral disorders have been addressed in the past. Accurately described mental illness leads to better treatment. Specific, accurate diagnosis leads to children being referred to treatments that will assist development rather than a reliance on medications as the only answer.” In other words, awareness of the complexity of children is heightened. Shorter medical checks and evaluations are not sufficient to properly diagnose them.

“DSM-5 changes are meant to recognize developmental, emotional and behavioral alignment, rather than simply a collection of symptoms and behaviors. The new guide helps to show more of the natural progression of mental illnesses. With the removal of the section on childhood disorders, practitioners are forced to recognize that disorders that were previously diagnosed in children may be seen in other age groups, and even increase risk for development of other psychiatric illnesses at a later age. Age-relevant examples help clinicians consider the diagnosis within the entire life cycle. Many disorders have a natural history within the person which before probably had not been recognized enough by practitioners,” he continues.

There are many effective treatments for disorders in children and adolescents. Dr. Ulland states that the spectrum of anxiety disorders, depression and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are among the most common and treatable illnesses. All of these may cause behavioral problems that are rather severe if left untreated, but it’s important that clinicians continue to be as sophisticated as possible in diagnosis, since this informs the most effective treatments. DMDD and the new categories were ultimately made to assist in better treatment of mental illness, while removing part of the divide between current research and treatment.

If you believe a child or adolescent is living with a mental disorder, call Rogers at 800-767-4411 for a free screening or request one online.

December 18, 2013 - 10:32am

Sarah Biskobing is a registered and certified dietitian specializing in the nutritional treatment of eating disorders at Rogers Memorial Hospital.

It’s that time of the year, the holiday season. For those overcoming years of disordered eating, such as anorexia, bulimia, or even those that struggle with body image the holidays can be a real struggle. Food is at the forefront of almost every holiday celebration and the bounty of calorie-rich foods often triggers a fear of weight gain during the holiday season. As a result, some make a hasty retreat back to their familiar disordered eating behaviors.

However, the holiday season does not have to equate to diets and deprivation. In fact, your holiday season can be healthy, Here are some how-to’s for a healthy holiday season:

  • Give yourself permission to eat and to enjoy what you eat.
  • Take the judgment out of the food and take yourself off the hook. Your values, and the person you are, are not affected by the food you just ate.
  • Do not starve yourself beforehand in an attempt to save up the day’s allotment of food for the holiday celebration. Doing so may trigger you to overindulge, which may in turn produce feelings of guilt and shame and start a cycle of disordered eating behaviors. Instead, nourish yourself with a balance of food throughout the day.
  • Slow down, settle in, and socialize first. Stand more than an arm’s length away from the munchies so that you can focus on the good company and festivities.
  • Have a support person available (in person or on the phone) who can help you work through momentary struggles and difficult situations. Anticipate some of the possible triggers in advance so that you can have a game plan for how to positively cope when you encounter them.
  • Plan ahead, assess your hunger and fullness level and evaluate your options. Consider portion size and moderation. Mindfully consider the foods you enjoy. Decide which foods you’ll definitely eat, which ones you will sample, and which ones you will skip.
  • Make a decision and stick with it. Do not play a back and forth game of this is good/bad for me, but this is better for me. The back and forth choices can cause confusion, frustration, anxiety and can trigger the cycle of disordered eating behaviors.
  • Slow down and become mindful while you eat. Enjoy the taste, texture, and smell. Breathe and assess your fullness (and/or your meal plan) while you are eating. It takes at least 20 minutes for fullness cues to arrive and signal us to stop eating. Therefore, instead of heaping your plate full right from the start, moderately fill your plate and remember that you can go back for seconds if you are still hungry.
  • Legalize the holiday yumminess! Deprivation, chronic dieting, cutting back, or labeling food as good or bad can lead to cravings, overeating (or binges), and poor nutrition.
  • Focus on moderation versus deprivation. When foods are forbidden, they take on a magical quality that is difficult to resist. Research shows that the more you legalize a food, the more in control you will be when eating that particular food. If you try to restrict yourself from all holiday treats, you may be more likely to overindulge at some point.

By following some of these tips and tricks, you can be healthy and enjoy your holiday season. And it’s ok to lean on family and friends, by talking about what you are experiencing.

December 16, 2013 - 10:40am

Believe it or not, the first attempt to gather information about mental health was done to collect statistical information for the 1840 census. In fact, it was these early census recordings that distinguished early categories of mental health. It was not until post-World War II that the first edition of the DSM or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) was published. It was then this clinical and diagnostic tool, published by the American Psychiatric Association, provided description and diagnostic categories for clinicians working with mental disorders. Today, the DSM is still considered the authoritative guide by behavioral health professionals throughout the country, providing the common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders.

Why This Matters

Mental illness cannot be determined by a traditional, physical test. A blood test won’t tell you if you are depressed or anxious. Broken arms and pneumonia have physical symptoms. Mental illness is not as easily identified, leading to a need for a clear set of guidelines to help clinicians diagnose a condition. As we gain insight into these mental disorders, the DSM helps providers prescribe more effective treatment and acquire more accurate statistics and research. In addition, the handbook is used by researchers and health insurance companies. All in all, the changes may mean the difference between gaining access to treatment… or not.

2013 saw publication of the fifth edition of the DSM, culminating in a 14-year revision process. While the new edition has changes, it is important to realize that it is more about clarifying and looking at some of the disorders in a new way, due to research and feedback from mental health professionals.

For example, in DSM-5, the symptoms for diagnosing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were revised to allow those who have experienced different forms of trauma to get treatment. Previously a PTSD diagnosis was attributed more to those who had been in combat; the new edition is far more inclusive. In fact, it is also more explicit about what can be defined as a “traumatic” event. The previous edition included three major symptom clusters for PTSD, whereas the DSM-5 has four with more distinct criteria. In addition, children and adolescents can now be diagnosed with PTSD, and there is a subtype with separate criteria for preschool children.

Easier to Get Treatment

The DSM-5 takes into consideration the many years of experience that different clinicians and researchers have had with mental illness, using new language that makes it easier to identify conditions like PTSD. The updated guidelines may even help patients get insurance coverage for syndromes that looked and acted like a particular condition, but did not meet criteria in the previous edition. That means more patients can get treatment to recover from their symptoms and live a more meaningful, enjoyable life.

In addition, the DSM-5 neither hinders – nor addresses specific plans for – treatment. Everyone who had a diagnosis before DSM-5 will still have a diagnosis, and many who need care will find it easier to get treatment. If anything, the new classifications will lead to more specific diagnoses that open new pathways to treatment. As before, clinicians can continue working with patients to determine what’s best.

If you or someone you know needs treatment, call Rogers at 800-767-4411 for a free screening or request one online.

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